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You are here: Level A1 > 'to be' in present simple tense

Grammar

                             To be (auxiliary verb) in present tense




Positive form:

I am

You are

He is

She is

It is

We are

They are

Examples:

I am a teacher.

You are an engineer.                     

He is a student.                             

She is a doctor.

It is a black cat.

We are married.

They are divorced.


Negative form:

I'm not (I'm not)

You're not (You aren't/ You are not)

He isn't (He's not/ He is not)

She isn't (She's not/ She is not)

It isn't (It's not/ It is not)

We aren't (We're not/ We are not)

They aren't (They're not/ They are not)

Examples:

I'm not married.

You're not a doctor.

He's not at home.

She's not in the office.

It's not Sunday today.

We aren't divorced.

They're not from London. (=They don't come from London)


Question form:

Am I................... ?

Are you...............?

Is he....................?

Is she...................?

Is it......................?

Are we.................?

Are they …..........?

Examples of questions and answers:

Am I a doctor?          Yes, I am.

Are you a nurse?       No, you're not.

Is he at home?          Yes, he is.

Is she a teacher?       No, she's not.

Is it OK?                    Yes, it is.

Are we tired?             Yes, we are.

Are they married?      No, they're not.

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'to be' quick practice test

  • ....... a waiter.

    I am
    I
    am
    Are

  • ....... a mechanic.

    You
    Are
    You are
    Are you

  • ......... at home.

    He
    He is
    He are
    He are

  • .......... at work.

    She is
    She
    She are
    Are

  • ........ married.

    We
    Are
    We are
    He are

  • ......... friends.

    The are
    Are they
    They
    They is

  • ....... a teacher.

    I not
    Not I
    I'm not
    Am not

  • ......... an engineer.

    You not
    Are not
    You are not
    Not you

  • ........ at home today.

    He not
    Is not
    He's not
    He are not

  • ....... ill this week.

    She's not
    She not
    Is not
    Not is

  • ........ busy today.

    We not
    Are not
    We're not
    Not we

  • ......... on holiday this Friday.

    They not
    Not they
    They isn't
    They aren't

  • ......... happy?

    I am
    Am I
    I
    Am

  • ......... OK?

    Are you
    You are
    Is you
    You is

  • ......... sorry?

    He is
    Is he
    He are
    Are he

  • ...........single?

    Is she
    She is
    Are she
    She are

  • ...... a puppy?

    Is it
    It is
    Are it
    It are

  • ........... good friends?

    We are
    Are we
    Is we
    We is

  • ......... your parents?

    They are
    They
    are
    Are they