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You are here: Level A2 > Relative Pronouns: Who,Which, That, Whom, Whose

Grammar

                                                            Relative pronouns:


 


Who – we use for people

That's the man who I saw outside your flat last week.     ( - I saw him and I told you about him)

She was the one who looked strange to me.       ( - I thought she looked strange.)

They are the couple who is getting married next month.       ( - I told you that these people are getting married.)


Which – we use for animals and things

That was a lovely dog which I saw you with yesterday.        ( - I saw you with a lovely dog.)

He had a car accident in the car which he bought last year.      ( - He bought a car last year and has had an accident recently.)

The cake which you brought with you was very nice.       ( - You brought a very nice cake.)


That – both people and things

He's the man that won the race.        ( - I told you about him winning the race.)

I lost the mobile phone that I got for Christmas.   ( - I got a phone and I lost it.)

She married a man that she met at university.       ( - She met him at university.)


Whom – same as 'who' but formal

You should call the man to whom I told about your special skills.   ( - I told him about your skills and you should call him.)

Meet Jack, my boss, whom I told you about earlier.       ( - I told you about him earlier.)



Whose – use as his, her, its, their

Come and meet John whose sister is my colleague.    ( - John's sister is my colleague.)

I apologised to Mary whose car I crashed.       ( - Mary's got a car, I crashed it and I apologised.)

He fell in love with Jane whose father is a doctor.       (- father of Jane is a doctor.)



When – we use it for time

It happened when I drove to work this morning.

We met when on holiday in Spain.

I played tennis a lot when I was at secondary school.


Where – we use it for place

This is the house where I spent most of my childhood.

Don't tell him where you live.

We like going to the bar where we met for the first time.


Why – after reason

That's the reason why I have never got married.

He's the reason why we moved out of Bristol.



When an object in a main clause is the subject in the subordinate clause we can not omit 'who, which, that.

Whose and where are normally not omitted from a sentence.

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